Friday, January 14, 2011

HEY! THANKS FOR SAVING THE DOGS

A special thanks to those who rescued thirty six dogs from lockup who were destined to be torn apart in the interest of "research." The dogs have been examined by vets now, treated with great and humane care and been given new homes where they can lead a new and happy existence.


THE FOLLOWING IS FROM BITE BACK MAGAZINE


THIRTY SIX DOGS RESCUED FROM HARLAN INTERFAUNA BREEDING FACILITY


Spain_Harlan_Jan11b.jpg




anonymous communique (click here for a photo gallery from the rescue, and hereto view video; see below for details about downloading the photographs/video):

"Thirty six dogs have been rescued by a group of animal rights activists from the breeding facility of animals for experiments Harlan Interfauna located in the outskirts of the catalonian town Sant Feliu de Codines (Catalonia, Spain), offering a new life to these animals in this new year.
Once inside we documented the miserable life of these animals and start preparing their transportation. Permanently locked in the kennels without being able to run, play, explore their environment or relate with each other, several of them had sores –as shown in the images we filmed that night- since they had to sleep in winter in direct contact with the cold concrete that was covered with their own feces and urine.
One of the rescued dogs was living in total isolation without any kind of contact with the other animals. This is a form of psychological torture for social animals who need the company of other animals. Others were so anxious on having any contact and stimuli after been in those kennels for nearly four years that they desperately tried to touch us through the bars and call our attention in any way possible. When we entered into their kennel, they excitedly jumped onto us looking for affection. Few minutes later they happily accompanied us out of that place in the first walk free they do in their whole lives.
Given their mental and physical health, all rescued animals have been examined by vets. Some required all our attention to help them overcome the constant fear they were living in. All of them have already been brought to safe homes where they will be loved and protected. We don't know how long will it take till they trust humans again but we are sure that the attention and care they receive in their new homes will manage to open its way to their hearts and they'll live happy and safe for the rest of their lives.
After a harsh life in the catalonian facilities of Harlan Interfauna –no different from Green Hill in Italy or Marshall in EEUU- a worse fate was waiting for these animals: been transported to vivisection labs in which they would be permanently locked in cages, they would only get out of them to be used in experiments. All of them were born with the sentence of becoming victims of toxicity tests, biomedical and veterinary research, or military experiments that would finally end up with their lives.
The activists who have carried out this action are vegans and reject speciesism as well as any kind of animal exploitation, including vivisection as in this case, or the consumption of animal products, their use in shows or for our clothing. We think the only important characteristic to respect others is their capacity to feel, not their species, sex or race of belonging. We want to advance toward a society free from discriminations where non human animals are not regarded as inferior beings to be used as resources, but individuals whose rights deserve full respect.
We will continue rescuing animals and denouncing their exploitation until the last cage is empty and other forms of oppression to animals become part of the past.
Lastly, we want to dedicate this action to all the activists who fight to end vivisection and remember all the animals that are right now in the breeding facilities and laboratories."
Spanish:
"La noche del 1 de enero de 2011 un grupo de activistas por los derechos animales rescatamos a 36 perros del criadero de animales para experimentación Harlan Interfauna situado a las afueras de la localidad catalana de Sant Feliu de Codines dando en este año nuevo una nueva vida a estos animales.
Una vez dentro procedimos a documentar la vida tan miserable a la que estos animales habían sido condenados y a preparar su traslado. Encerrados permanentemente sin poder correr, jugar, explorar su entorno o relacionarse con otros varios de ellos presentaban además llagas en sus cuerpos –como evidencian las imágenes que grabamos esa noche– debido a que tenían que dormir en pleno invierno en contacto directo con el frío suelo de cemento cubierto de sus propias heces y orina.
Uno de los perros rescatados vivía totalmente aislado del resto sin ningún tipo de contacto con los demás animales. Esto es una forma de tortura psicológica para un animal social que precisa la compañía de otros con los que poder relacionarse. Otros estaban tan ansiosos por tener algún contacto y estímulo tras cerca de cuatro años encerrados que trataban desesperadamente de tocarnos entre los barrotes y llamar nuestra atención como podían. Cuando entramos en el recinto en el que se encontraban se abalanzaron entusiasmados sobre nosotros buscando nuestro cariño. Pocos minutos después nos acompañaban contentos fuera de aquel lugar en el que era el primer paseo que daban en libertad en toda su vida.
Dado su estado de salud física y psicológica, todos los animales rescatados han sido examinados por veterinarios. Algunos precisan de toda nuestra atención para ayudarles a superar el constante miedo en el que vivían. Todos ellos han sido llevados ya a lugares seguros donde serán queridos y protegidos. Desconocemos cuánto tiempo tardarán en confiar de nuevo en los humanos pero estamos seguros que el afecto y los cuidados que reciben ya en sus nuevos hogares conseguirán abrirse camino hasta sus corazones y podrán vivir felices y a salvo el resto de sus vidas.
Tras la dura vida en las instalaciones catalanas de Harlan Interfauna –y al igual que sucede en las de Green Hill en Italia y Marshall en EEUU entre otras– un destino aún peor aguardaba a estos animales: ser trasladados a laboratorios de vivisección en los que serían encerrados permanentemente en jaulas de las que sólo saldrían para ser sometidos a experimentos. Todos ellos habían nacido con la condena de convertirse en las víctimas de pruebas de toxicidad, experimentos de investigación biomédica y veterinaria, aprendizaje en facultades o experimentos militares que acabarían finalmente con sus vidas.
Los activistas que hemos llevado a cabo esta acción somos veganos y rechazamos el especismo así como toda forma de explotación animal, como la vivisección en este caso, el consumo de productos animales, su uso en espectáculos o para nuestra vestimenta porque consideramos que lo único importante a la hora de respetar a alguien es su capacidad para sentir y no su especie, sexo o raza. Queremos avanzar hacia una sociedad libre de discriminaciones en la que los demás animales no sean considerados seres inferiores a los que utilizar como recursos a nuestra disposición, sino individuos que merecen absoluto respeto. Seguiremos rescatando animales y denunciando su explotación hasta que la última jaula quede vacía y la vivisección y otras formas de opresión hacia los animales formen parte del pasado.
Por último, queremos dedicar esta acción a todos los activistas que luchan para acabar con la vivisección y recordar a todos los animales que se encuentran en estos momentos en los criaderos y laboratorios."
- - - - -
Photographs and video from the action have been uploaded to several different servers.
- photos in a zip file (523 Mb):
http://www.filedropper.com/fotosrescateharlan




JOE MCCARTHY MOVES TO JERUSALEM

In Israel, Joe McCarthy has found a new home as the Knesset looks at probing Israeli left, peace, and human rights groups for suspected funding ties to "terrorist organizations." Amongst the suspected terrorist funders is the European Union."


The following is from the Jewish Daily Forward.





Knesset To Investigate Funding of Left-Wing Israeli NGOs for Terror Ties

NGOs Decry Effort as an Attempt To ‘Silence Criticism,’ While American Pro-Israel Groups Voice Condemnation

Common Cause: Knesset members David Rotem and Danny Danon have both presented bills targeting NGOs.
COURTESY OF DAVID ROTEM AND DANY DANON
Common Cause: Knesset members David Rotem and Danny Danon have both presented bills targeting NGOs.

By Nathan Jeffay and Nathan Guttman

Published January 12, 2011, issue of January 21, 2011.
Amid growing fury on the Israeli right toward the country’s human rights groups, the Knesset has approved two motions aimed at examining whether there are skeletons in NGO closets.
The separate but similar motions, submitted by the Yisrael Beiteinu and Likud parties, mandate a Knesset investigation of funding sources of left-leaning nongovernmental organizations. The motions, passed January 6 by large majorities, emerged from the Knesset’s two largest right-wing parties.
The response in America from mainstream Jewish groups was swift, and mostly critical of the motions.
In Israel, the sponsor of one of the two measures claims that mandated legal reports filed by NGOs such as Breaking the Silence, which publicizes testimony by Israeli soldiers of alleged Israeli military abuses in the occupied territories, and the Public Committee Against Torture in Israel, do not tell the full story of where their money comes from.
Yisrael Beiteinu lawmaker David Rotem told the Forward that his party is convinced that funding comes from Saudi Arabia, and suspects it has terrorist origins. “If [an NGO] is being backed by terrorists or Al Qaeda, we ought to know,” he said.
At a Knesset party caucus on January 10, Yisrael Beiteinu party leader Avigdor Lieberman, who is also Israel’s foreign minister, said that some NGOs are “terror-aiding organizations.”
Danny Danon, initiator of the Likud-backed motion, wants to report on the extent of “interference” by foreign governments and the European Union in the Israeli political process by ascertaining how much money they are giving to NGOs.
“These organizations have failed to gain public support [in Israel], so they are doing a bypass by receiving funds from foreign governments,” he said, adding that he wants to chair the committee and see that it recommends outlawing such donations.
Some 17 NGOs, including those singled out by the politicians, responded to the motions with a declaration that “similar attempts to silence criticism have failed in the past; this attempt will fail, too.”
The Israeli left, the centrist Kadima party and a small libertarian contingent in Likud have voiced anger. “Recently, the Knesset has knitted together a racist, McCarthyist mix that transcends parties and endangers the State of Israel,” Labor lawmaker Avishay Braverman, the government’s minority affairs minister, declared in the Knesset.
In the United States, a number of Jewish groups were taken aback by the motions, including some that are normally loath to criticize Israel. The American Jewish Committee, nestled well within the mainstream of American Jewish organizational life, issued a statement saying that the Knesset had contravened “the democratic principles that are Israel’s greatest strength.” AJC’s executive director, David Harris, added in the statement that “the selective targeting of groups critical of the [Israel Defense Forces] runs counter to Israel’s legal and political tradition, and does no service to the one state that is a beacon of democracy in the Middle East.”
Harris, through a spokesman, declined to elaborate on the group’s decision to speak out on this issue.
Daniel Sokatch, CEO of the New Israel Fund, which supports several of the groups that are expected to be investigated by the Knesset, said he was “incredibly heartened” by the AJC’s stance.
Rabbi Eric Yoffie, president of the Union for Reform Judaism, said that the decisions on establishing the committees were “unwise” and that they created “unease.” Yoffie spoke of a “certain ugliness that has emerged in Israel’s political coalition reality,” noting that American Jews “are basically centrists and Israel now has a right-wing coalition.”
The politicians initiating the probes dismissed these criticisms. Danon told the Forward that faced with foreign governments working in their countries against national interests, “every democracy would do the same.” Rotem denounced the charge of McCarthyism as “rubbish.”
“I’m not going to investigate anyone privately as a person, and I’m not going to fire anyone from their job,” he said. “We just want everything to be shining in the sun so that people should know the facts.”
The parties found a strong supporter in the United States in the Zionist Organization of America, which joined them in rebutting their detractors. “The American Jewish Committee is mistaken to see any sort of assault on Israel’s democratic traditions,” ZOA President Morton Klein said in a statement released January 10. “To the contrary, anything that results in obliging these groups to reveal their sources of funding and their foreign associations is of democratic service.”
Whatever the reservations of critics in Israel and America, the commissions — one in response to each motion, unless they are merged — will be assembled over the coming weeks. The Knesset plenum will not have opportunity to block them from forming, though lawmakers can try to hamper them from becoming active when they return for a vote on their membership and on their parameters for investigation.
Yet it is unclear exactly what these committees will do once formed. Danon and Rotem both told the Forward that they want to see the committees probing the NGOs’ financial accounts and calling witnesses. But annual accounts are already in the public domain. And ad hoc committees voted into existence by the Knesset, such as these, have no right to compel witnesses to testify or to make public bodies hand over information. This means that from a strictly legal viewpoint, the committees will have no rights above and beyond those of an activist group such as NGO Monitor, which has been probing NGOs critical of Israel for years.
But Haifa University law academic Amnon Reichman said that the parliamentary committees’ clout as official bodies will make it easier for them to secure the cooperation of the government. He believes that the committees could provide forums to release information about the NGOs already held by the Foreign Ministry and other ministries “in a respectable manner.”
“From the right-wing perspective, it is a way to launder this information, so to speak,” he said.
The other main advantage is simply that reports from the Knesset will have a greater “seal of authority” than those from unofficial groups.
Hagai Katz, director of the Center for Third-Sector Research at Ben Gurion University of the Negev, said that NGOs “don’t have anything to worry about” legally, as he believes them to be law abiding. But from a public relations perspective, he believes that the damage has already been done, as the decisions to establish the commissions have attracted mass publicity. The fact that human rights NGOs are under investigation — whatever the final outcome — is what sticks in people’s minds, Katz said.
“If [the sponsors of the probes] want to give the organizations a hard time, that’s what they’ll do,” he said, adding, “It’s about scaring away donors.”
Contact Nathan Guttman at guttman@forward.com
Contact Nathan Jeffay at jeffay@forward.com


Read more: 
http://forward.com/articles/134637/#ixzz1B31nBHNF

"HOLDER VS HUMANITARIAN LAW PROJECT" AND THE CHICAGO GRAND JURY

The Jewish Daily Forward has a long history as a "liberal-progressive" voice of sorts in the Jewish community. The linked article is an interesting look at the scope of the grand jury proceedings underway directed at a number of midwestern activists and the Supreme Court's dangerously repressive ruling in "Holder v. Humanitarian Law Project."


FROM THE JEWISH DAILY FORWARD



Federal Probe May Open New Front in Terror War

By Josh Nathan-Kazis

Published January 11, 2011, issue of January 21, 2011.
If an American communist website publishes a statement issued by a Palestinian terrorist group, has the communist website committed a crime?
That’s a question that some Midwestern activists could face as grand jury hearings approach for members of pro-Palestinian and left-wing groups who have received subpoenas in recent months from federal prosecutors. The exact nature of the investigation is unclear, as the office of Patrick Fitzgerald, the U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois, would neither confirm nor deny the existence of an investigation. But news reports and people familiar with the subpoenas say they appear to be aimed at people who have supported groups designated by the U.S. Department of State as “foreign terrorist organizations”: in this case, the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, known as the FARC.
Prosecutor: Patrick Fitzgerald, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois, has issued subpoenas to activists in what some suspect to be terrorism-related investigations. The case could be an early test of a recent Supreme Court decision.
GETTY IMAGES
Prosecutor: Patrick Fitzgerald, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois, has issued subpoenas to activists in what some suspect to be terrorism-related investigations. The case could be an early test of a recent Supreme Court decision.
If the inquiry by Fitzgerald — known for pursuing a number of high-profile cases, including the prosecution of Dick Cheney aide Scooter Libby in the Valerie Plame affair — is an investigation into material support for terrorism, it could be the first test case of a new legal regime confirmed by a June 2010 Supreme Court decision. The ruling, Holder v. Humanitarian Law Project, upheld the federal government’s view that material support for terrorism could include speech coordinated with terrorist groups and providing nonviolent training or advice. Plaintiffs contended that this is an overbroad intrusion into First Amendment speech protections.
Search warrants in the apparent investigation were first executed in September. According to Michael Deutsch, a Chicago attorney representing one person called to testify, some of the warrants and subpoenas ask for documents relating to material support for the FARC and the PFLP.
Among the groups that appear to be under scrutiny is the Freedom Road Socialist Organization, a communist group that has published statements by the PFLP on the news website it operates. Lawyers say this group likely violated the material support statute if it coordinated with the PFLP to publish the statements. But one high-profile critic of the current material support law said that it’s not clear that they would be innocent of material support if they independently published the statement after finding it on the PFLP website.
“This is where the gray area is,” said Georgetown University Law Center professor David Cole.
Subpoenas issued in December reportedly included no details on the information requested. Maureen Clare Murphy, an activist called to testify, said her subpoena simply told her to appear at a hearing January 25. She said she believes that the subpoena came as a result of her work organizing “solidarity delegations to the West Bank.” Managing editor of the pro-Palestinian website Electronic Intifada and an organizer with the Palestine Solidarity Group in Chicago, Murphy said she did not think that her delegations had met with anyone affiliated with the PFLP. She said that she planned to exercise her Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination.
It’s not yet clear what conduct the grand jury will investigate. But advocates say it could include conduct confirmed as criminal in the Supreme Court’s recent decision in Holder v. Humanitarian Law Project, in which individuals and groups who wished to support the nonviolent activities of groups designated as terrorist by the federal government challenged portions of the material support law. That law bars people from knowingly providing money to groups designated as terrorist organizations by the Department of State, but it also bars providing training, expert advice or assistance, and personnel, among other things, to the groups. The Humanitarian Law Project argued that certain provisions of the law were overly restrictive of speech, association and more. The court found in favor of the government.
“Under the material-support statute, plaintiffs may say anything they wish on any topic,” Chief Justice John Roberts wrote in his majority opinion. “[T]he statute is carefully drawn to cover only a narrow category of speech to, under the direction of, or in coordination with, foreign groups that the speaker knows to be terrorist organizations.”
Critics of the decision say that it creates peril for activists and others. “If you’re a cautious lawyer advising people, you’re going to tell activists that they have to be extremely cautious and assume that there’s a chance that they’d get prosecuted for doing advocacy with any degree of coordination” with designated terrorist groups, said Shayana Kadidal, an attorney with the Center for Constitutional Rights who served as the project co-counsel on the Humanitarian Law Project case.
Kadidal said that activists can’t be convicted if they don’t know that they are coordinating with a terrorist group, or if their speech in support of the group is not coordinated with that group.
But in a brief filed in the case, Cole, who represented the Humanitarian Law Project before the Supreme Court, warned that op-ed pieces penned by Hamas leaders and published by The New York Times and other outlets could be prosecuted under the statute.
Op-eds are “clearly covered by the statute, which according to the government covers any coordinated advocacy, and obviously in order to publish an op-ed by the leader of Hamas you have to coordinate with that leader on editing and the terms of publication,” Cole said in an interview with the Forward.
Tom Neumann, executive director of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, challenged this.
“The New York Times does not coordinate,” said Neumann, whose group signed on to an amicus curiae brief in support of the government in the Humanitarian Law Project case. “It editorializes. There’s a difference between coordinating and editorializing,” Neumann said.
Cole conceded that it’s unlikely for the Times to be prosecuted. This underscores the concerns of Kadidal and others that the Supreme Court ruling could open the door to selective prosecution.
“I don’t think it’s going to be The New York Times that’s going to be prosecuted. I think it’s going to be the small solidarity groups who are working to change the status quo,” said Murphy, the subpoenaed activist.
And, critics like Cole say, the law is simply too broad. “It’s very, very sweeping,” he said.
Neumann disputes this characterization. “I don’t worry about this particular law,” he said. “It doesn’t stop anyone. You want to be a left-winger… be a left-winger. If you want to be a left-winger with the terrorists, it’s a different story.”
One pro-Palestinian student activist said that he could see material support prosecutions having a chilling effect on his organization’s work. “I think its impact is going to be tremendous,” said Yaman Salahi, a law student at Yale University and a member of Yale’s chapter of Students for Justice in Palestine. Salahi said that he could see groups like his refraining from organizing book drives for Palestinian schools, for fear that the schools may have members of designated terrorist groups in their administrations.
Pro-Palestinian groups at more than 50 North American campuses have signed a joint statement condemning the apparent Fitzgerald investigation.
Contact Josh Nathan-Kazis at nathankazis@forward.com or on Twitter at @joshnathankazis


Read more: 
http://www.forward.com/articles/134585/#ixzz1B30bOoba

Thursday, January 13, 2011

UNDERCOVER PIGGY UNDERCUTS CROWN PROSECUTORS CASE, ME THINKS

I am not one of those people who expresses shock at the discovery of undercover cops and other nefarious agents and provocateurs crawling around the floorboards of any movement organization.  However, it's always a good time when one is so clearly exposed for his/her dastardly ways as a certain Mr. Mike Kennedy has been recently.  It's also amusing to see people set free because THE GOVERNMENT gets a wee carried away and a wee bit not so careful, shall we say.  Such freedom will come one hopes with the revelations which are being printed for all to see in Great Britain over some good people convicted of bothering the powers that be with an environmental protest they took part in at Ratcliffe-on-Soar power station, near Nottingham, in 2009.




PC Mark Kennedy
 Photograph: Guardian/ caption: OD
 STAR, HEROIN DEALER, OR MR. PIG?
By the way, you have to admit, that the undercover "officer" looks like he ought to be playing guitar in U2 not befriending trusting people and then doing all he can to wreck their lives.


But I digress...








The following is from the Guardian.










Activists challenge convictions in wake of police spy revelations


 Photograph: Guardian/ caption: OD

Twenty environmental activists are seeking to overturn recent criminal convictions in the wake of the Guardian's revelations about a network of undercover police officers embedded deep in the movement.
Lawyers for the group claim that a failure to disclose the role of covert police operative Mark Kennedy during their trial may have led to a miscarriage of justice and have written to the Crown Prosecution Service demanding details of his role.
Six other activists walked free from court earlier this week after their lawyer, Mike Schwarz, demanded details of the part played by Kennedy in planning the environmental protest they took part in at Ratcliffe-on-Soar power station, near Nottingham, in 2009.
However, last month, in a separate trial, the 20 green campaigners were convicted of conspiracy to commit aggravated trespass during the same protest, after failing to convince a jury that their actions were designed to prevent immediate harm to human life and property from climate change.
"The police allowed this trial, unlike the later one, to run all the way to conviction," said Schwarz, whose firm, Bindmans, represents both groups of protesters. "In the light of events last week, this must be seen as a potential miscarriage of justice."
Revelations of PC Kennedy's activities by the Guardian this week have triggered a crisis in undercover policing. He is alleged to have played a central role in organising a proposal to break into the power station.
Kennedy used the fake identity "Mark Stone" to live for seven years in the protest movement, infiltrating activist groups in 22 countries. He had sexual relationships with a number of women. He also revealed the identity of another undercover officer to fellow activists, leading to a security operation this week as police tried to ensure all their undercover officers were safe.
An investigation into the collapse of the trial of the six activists is expected to be launched shortly by the Independent Police Complaints Commission. The body is also considering widening its inquiry to take into account whether or not Kennedy acted as an agent provocateur during his years undercover. A further review into the wider undercover operation and those organising it may also follow.
The case of Kennedy and the other undercover officer – a woman the Guardian is calling Officer A after representations from senior police officers – has thrown a spotlight on the role of secretive police intelligence units, overseen by the Association of Chief Police Officers, to which Kennedy and Officer A were seconded.
Today the former director of public prosecutions Lord Macdonald said the handling of undercover officers appeared to be "alarming" and "opaque". "There should be published guidelines," he said. "It is particularly important that the public understands what the principles and what the rules are. The fact this operation is so opaque, nobody knows how it was run, what the objectives were, why it ran for so long. I think that's quite alarming."
The defence used by the 20 convicted activists – known as "necessity" – is similar to one that has been used successfully in the past by environmental protesters. In 2008, six Greenpeace activists were acquitted of causing criminal damage after scaling a chimney atKingsnorth power station after convincing jurors that they sought to protect property around the world threatened by climate change.
But the defence relies on convincing a jury that defendants genuinely believed they were acting through "necessity" to prevent death and serious injury caused by carbon dioxide emissions and climate change. During last month's trial of the six Ratcliffe-on-Soar defendants, the prosecution argued that they were not really intending to stop carbon emissions, but instead engaged in a publicity stunt.
But the activists' lawyers now believe that Kennedy, who they say was central to the protest from the moment the idea was hatched, would have been in a prime position to reject that claim.
Kennedy has been described by activists involved in the Ratcliffe action as having been "in the thick of it". His name appeared on receipts for the hire of a 7.5-tonne truck to transport equipment for the protest. He used his fake passport and driving license for the transaction, which cost a £778.
In a letter to the CPS seen by the Guardian, the lawyers have asked for disclosure of material relating to Kennedy "any other undercover officers or informers" that could have undermined the prosecution's case.
"The crown's case to the jury was that the defendants were lying when they told the jury in evidence that the action was about preventing carbon dioxide emissions," the letter said.
"The defendants believe that the undercover officer Mark Stone/PC Kennedy – and any other officer involved in the planning and implementation of the proposed action – would have been in a position to rebut these assertions. Mark Stone/PC Kennedy was well connected to the organisation of the action and was involved in planning discussions from an early stage."
The letter added: "He was a vehicle driver and present at the school before the arrival of the majority of campaigners. He had a central role in the black conveyor belt team. He had many discussions with individuals about the proposed action. He observed what many of the defendants did, discussed and sought to achieve."
It goes on to request disclosure of "any material, statements, briefing notes, contact logs or similar documents generated" generated by Kennedy or other spies.
Police have claimed that the plan to break into the power station would have endangered lives and was a serious criminal act. However, handing down sentences to 18 activists ranging from 18 months' conditional discharge to 90 hours' unpaid work, Judge Jonathan Teare gave a different view. He described them as individuals with "the highest possible motives".